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英语口译考试模拟试题之二
作者:系统管理员    发布于:2015-06-25 09:42:15    文字:【】【】【
摘要:Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the ward or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer in the corresponding space in you ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the passage only once.
Part A: Spot Dictation

Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the ward or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer in the corresponding space in you ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the passage only once.

   In the early 1970''s, Citibank of New York City became one of the first financial institutions to install ATM''s on a large scale. Since then, the_______(1) of automated teller machines has increased dramatically. At the time, the bank hoped________ (2) their operating costs by replacing human tellers with machines. Little did they _______ (3) that the cash machines would become so successful. However, as more banks added_______ (4) automated service through ATM''s, the machines mushroomed all over the world.
   To use an ATM, all you need is a _______(5) issued by your bank. Your bank may also_______(6) through a credit card, such as MasterCard or Visa. To begin a _______(7), you need to insert the card into an ATM and punch in a personal identification number on the _______(8). The personal ID number may consist of_______(9) and can prevent anyone from using the card.
   The ATM next flashes instructions on its_______(10) for carrying out transaction. To get cash, for example, you are instructed to _______(11) that indicate whether the money should be withdrawn form a checking or a savings account and the _______(12). This request is then displayed on the screen. After you press a button to _______(13) that the information is correct, the ATM goes to _______(14).
   How safe, you may ask, is banking by ATM? The_______(15) is meant to prevent anyone, no matter who you are, from using a cash card________(16). If you enter the wrong ID number for a card, a message on the screen will_______(18). As another precaution against_______(19), the bank generally limits the amount that may be withdrawn by cash card______(20), say, to $200.

Part B: Listening Comprehension

Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short statements. These statements will be spoken ONLY ONCE, and you will not find them written on the paper; so you must listen carefully. When you hear a statement, read the answer choices and decide which one is closest in meaning to the statement you have heard. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

1. Statements
1. (A) We didn''t find one qualified applicant.
(B) Nobody applied for the job.
(C) Only one person applied for the job.
(D) We interviewed nine candidates.

2.  (A) Florence finished her speech with some introductory remarks.
 (B) Florence found herself making a speech when the speaker became ill.
 (C) Florence came along with a fluent introduction about the eminent speaker.
 (D) Had the speaker not been ill, he would have made some introductory remarks.

3. (A) I cannot finish the report in time.
 (B) I hate to join in social activities this weekend.
 (C) I have to work extra time over the weekend.
 (D) I will not attend the board meeting next week.

4. (A) The director is too busy to attend to your proposal right now.
 (B) The director will help you read the proposal tomorrow morning.
 (C) You should hand in your proposal no later than tomorrow morning.
 (D) You can make an appointment to see the director the next day.

5.  (A) We''ll ask for more time to finish the financial plan.
 (B) We''ll look for more information for the plan later than expected.
 (C) I''m afraid we''ll turn in the financial plan later than expected.
 (D) We''ll have to finish the plan with the materials available now.

6.  (A) Talking too much in business negotiations leaves a bad impression o Americans.
 (B) Silence often makes Americans feel uncomfortable in business situations.
 (C) Americans enjoy keeping silent in business negotiations and employ a variety of strategies.
 (D) Americans are rather aggressive, especially in business situations.

7.(A) I think now it is the best time to do business in China, though we have had a 50-year relationship.
 (B) I believe that we could have done more business with China over the past 50 years.
 (C) Although our company has a history of over 50 years, we are unable to start our business in China.
 (D) Despite our good relationship over the past 50 years, we need to find a better time for investment here.

8.  (A) The director has already signed the agreement.
 (B) The director has read the agreement for three times
 (C) The director is not in and cannot sign the agreement.
 (D) The director is not ready to sign the agreement.

9.  (A) We cannot compete with our rivals, since we have just started our business here.
 (B) We want to have more customers, so we''re ready to make more favourable offers
 (C) We are unable to provide the best service here, because we do not have enough competitive advantage.
 (D) We plan to merge our competitors in this area, as we are growing and have more customers.

10.  (A) A diet with meat only is not enough for our body.
 (B) A diet with vegetables can sometimes be very costly.
 (C) Meatless meals are equally nutritious and less expensive.
 (D) Meatless meals cannot provide all the essential nutrients.

2. Talks and Conversations

Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear Several short talks and conversations. After each of these, you will hear a few questions. Listen carefully because you will hear the talk or conversation and questions Only ONCE. When you hear a question, read the four answer choices and choose the best answer to that question. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

Questions 11-14
11.  (A) She was fired.
 (B) She was given a raise.
 (C) She got a transfer.
 (D) She got married.

12.  (A) They bought her a birthday gift.
 (B) They gave her a farewell party.
 (C) They surprised her during the party.
 (D) They saw her off at the airport.

13.  (A) She was invited to stay with Nancy in New York.
 (B) She was warned not to give the surprise away.
 (C) She was unable to keep a secret.
 (D) She was a good friend of Nancy''s.

14.  (A) The man.
 (B) Nancy.
 (C) Mrs Sampson.
 (D) Christina.

Questions 15-18
15. (A) Sending invitation cards to as many people as possible.
 (B) Reserving a table at least one day in advance.
 (C) Taking your order before you are seated.
 (D) Keeping calm and talking to your clients.

16.  (A) A soup.
 (B) Some cold dishes.
 (C) A salad.
 (D) A drink.

17.  (A) Consult the waiter about the dish in question.
 (B) Tell everyone that you have certain dietary restrictions.
 (C) Write beforehand to say that you don''t care for some dishes.
 (D) Keep quiet and pretend that you enjoy the food.

18.  (A) Over your lap.
 (B) On the chair.
 (C) Under the plate.
 (D) Beside the plate.

Questions 19-22
19.  (A) In a holiday camp.
 (B) In a caravan park.
 (C) In a hotel.
 (D) In a restaurant.

20.  (A) Because they had driven for a long time.
 (B) Because they had booked for another time.
 (C) Because they had planned to have their supper first.
 (D) Because they had found a better place to stay in.

21  (A) She can avoid doing a lot of farm work.
 (B) She wants to stay in some quiet and peaceful place.
 (C) Her husband especially cares for seafood.
 (D) Her children enjoy building sandcastles.

22.  (A) In the car.
 (B) In the lounge.
 (C) In a farm.
 (D) In a quiet corner.

Questions 23-26
23.  (A) In New Zealand.
 (B) In the USA.
 (C) In England.
 (D) In Japan.

24.  (A) Because they want to feel the thrill and excitement.
 (B) Because they are tired of modern-day university life.
 (C) Because they are interested in the scientific experiment.
 (D) Because they find that it is the best way to reduce weight.

25.  (A) Jumping into the sea.
 (B) Jumping onto the cliff.
 (C) Jumping with a body harness.
 (D) Jumping with a leg harness.

26.  (A) Be over the age of 18.
 (B) Receive due instructions.
 (C) Join a sports club.
 (D) Pay for the rubber band.

Questions 27-30
27.  (A) Paper Research.
 (B) Examination Method.
 (C) Comparative Literature.
 (D) University Seminar System.

28.  (A) A college course in which new ideas and subjects are introduced.
 (B) A university class in which topics are discussed among the students.
 (C) A system where university students are allowed to choose their teachers.
 (D) A gathering where only teachers and students of about the same age can attend.

29. (A) They were boring.
 (B) They were good lecturers.
 (C) They seldom asked questions.
 (D) They talked too much in class.

30.  (A) The unanswered questions during the lectures.
 (B) The discussion with the serious professors.
 (C) The results of his final examinations.
 (D) The low marks he had scored during the term.

 


Part C: Listening and Translation

1. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 sentences in English. You will hear the sentences ONLY ONCE. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)


2. Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages in English. You will hear the passages ONLY ONCE. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. You may take notes while you are listening.
(1)


(2)

SECTION 2: STUDY SKILLS

Directions: In this section, you will read several passages. Each passage is followed by several questions based on its content. You are to choose ONE best answer, (A), (B), (C) or (D), to each question. Answer all the questions following each passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

Questions 1-5

   One of the most disturbing statistics I''ve read for a long time was published this week. The Work Foundation claims that job satisfaction in this country has fallen alarmingly. Women''s satisfaction level has fallen from 51 percent in 1992 to 29 percent today; men''s has fallen from 35 percent to 20. The reason-the long-hours culture and job insecurity.
   For my father''s generation, work was something that had to be endured so that real life could be maintained. But my generation has been gulled into thinking that work is real life. Most work is not satisfying. Most work stinks. Most work, however well paid, is meaningless and dull. But somehow we''ve been convinced that work provides self-fulfillment.
   Before Mrs Thatcher, we had a famous British attitude to work--the less we did the better. Thatcher introduced the idea that, in a world where identity was so fragile, you could become real through work, through long hours and assiduous consumption, in the small amount of time you had been left after clocking off. Now Blair carries on the crusade, I''ve got one of the best jobs in the world--siV3ng in an once by myself all day trying to make up something that someone somewhere wit! be interested in. But I''d rather be stretched out in front of the TV, or in bed, or playing tennis, or doing just about anything else.

Much of feminist thought has been about getting what men have traditionally had without examining the underlying assumption of whether it was worth having. Feminism never ended up with a life built around creative leisure, instead, women of talent and drive threw themselves into the labour pool, believing that work and its attendant income and power would affect the change of life and consciousness that would liberate them.
   Can anything be done? Only if we''re willing to change the way we''ve been tricked into thinking. Most people now measure their lives primarily in units of currency--money saved and spent. I have a friend who''ll travel halfway across London for a shoe sale, without factoring in how much of her precious time has been spent travelling. The most important truth I know is that ail we ever own is the time we were given on this earth. We need to seize it back. Now the future has arrived, and we have the means to do it--we just don''t have the imagination.

1. Before the British were persuaded to realize themselves through hard work,
 (A) they had little time left to themselves
 (B) they had struggled hard for equal treatment
 (C) they had enjoyed themselves more
 (D) they had a strong desire to be set free from work

2. The sentence "Now Blair carries on the crusade" (para. 3) could be best illustrated by which of the following statements?
 (A) Blair continues to promote the idea of achieving self-fulfillment through work.
 (B) Blair opposes his people to be workaholic and has launched such a campaign.
 (C) Blair sets a perfect example as a hard-working person for his people in the UK.
 (D) Blair is most unwilling to have his people labouring as slaves.

3. What is the author''s attitude towards women''s joining the workforce?
 (A) Supportive.
 (B) Negative.
 (C) Appreciative.
 (D) Defensive.

4. What is the purpose of the author in mentioning her friend who travelled halfway across London for a shoe sale?
 (A) To praise her friend for her persistence in pursuing what she wants.
 (B) To introduce her friend to the general public.
 (C) To give an urgent call for people to take life easy.
 (D) To raise people''s awareness as to how precious time is.

5. Which of the following is the most appropriate title for the passage?
 (A) What''s So Good about Hard Work?
 (B) What''d You Imagine for the Future?
 (C) Work Makes Everyone Free,
 (D)Seize Time Back for Your Own Sake.

Questions 6-10
   "I delight in Buckingham Palace", said Queen Victoria, when she moved in three weeks after ascending to the throne. Today the 40-acre secluded garden contains specimen shrubs trees and a large lake. Eight to nine thousand people visit it during the annual garden parties.
   It took George IV, on becoming King in 1820, and John Nash, Surveyor-general to George IV when he was Prince Regent, many years to turn the house into a sumptuous palace. Nash demolished the North and South wings and rebuilt them. He constructed Marble Arch as a grand entrance to the enlarged courtyard. As work continued, Nash let his costs run away with him. and Parliament complained. Joseph Hume, ml English politician and reformer fighting for financial retrenchment, said, "The Crown of England does not require such splendour. Foreign countries might indulge in frippery, but England ought to pride herself on her plainness and simplicity." Nevertheless, elegance reigned.
   Queen Victoria was crowned in 1837. When she moved in, Buckingham Palace became, for the first time, the official London residence of Britain''s sovereigns. There wasn''t a room large enough for grand entertainments, so in 1853-55, Queen Victoria ordered the Ballroom built. 122 feet long, 60 feet wide and 45 feet high, it is, today, used for many events such as the State Banquet, the Diplomatic Reception, and memorial concerts. This is the site of Investitures, where the Queen (who was crowned in 1952) presents the recipients of British honours with their awards. During World War 11 a chapel, converted by Queen Victoria from Nash''s conservatory, was bombed. Prince Philip oversaw its rebuilding as the Queen''s Gallery, home to a rotating collection of art from the Royal Collection. The Gallery, currently in the process of renovation, will reopen in 2002 for the Queen''s Golden Jubilee.
   More than 600 rooms, including 52 Royal and guest bedrooms, 188 staff bedrooms, 92 offices and 78 bathrooms comprise the castle''s assets. But the "room" best known around the world is the Balcony where the Royal family'' gathers on celebratory'' and solemn occasions to be seen by'' their subjects.
   The Palace is more than a home for the Royals. It is the official administrative headquarters of the monarchy and contains the offices of their staff. It is the place where all Royal ceremonies and official banquets are held. Government ministers, top civil servants and heads of state visit to carry out their duties. It brings a whole new meaning to the phrase ''working from home''.

6. What was the result of Joseph Hume''s fighting for financial retrenchment?
 (A) He succeeded in cutting the budget of Nash''s rebuilding work.
 (B) His opposition turned out a failure and the palace was built with extravagance.
 (C) He became Nash''s strong opponent and they fought with each other since then.
 (D) He came to fame as a well-known reformer for financial retrenchment.

7. According to the passage, which of the following are NOT supposed to be held in the Ballroom?
 (A) Investitures.
 (B) Government banquets.
 (C) Religious services.
 (D) Diplomatic receptions.

8. According to "the Queen''s Golden Jubilee" (para. 3), how long has been the reign of the Queen?
 (A) It has to be 25 years under the reign of the Queen.
 (B) 45 years should be the minimum for the Queen''s Golden Jubilee.
 (C) At her age of 50, people usually celebrate the Queen''s Golden Jubilee.
 (D)The Queen''s Golden Jubilee would be celebrated at her 50 year''s reign.

9. Why does Buckingham Palace bring a new meaning to the phrase "working from home"?
 (A) Because Government offices are located in Buckingham Palace.
 (B) Because the Royal family live and work in Buckingham Palace.
 (C) Because all Royal ceremonies and official banquets are held in Buckingham Palace.
 (D) Because the Royal staff have their offices and residences in Buckingham Palace.

10. According to the passage, which is the most famous place in Buckingham Palace?
 (A) The Ballroom.
 (B) The Queen''s Gallery.
 (C) Marble Arch.
 (D) The Balcony,

Questions 11-15
   The Lake District in north-west England is an area remarkably little affected by industrialization. The principal activity is still sheep-farming, as it has been for a thousand years, and many ancient words like ‘ fell'' for ‘ hill'' and ‘ tam'' for ‘ lake'' are still in daily use. In spite of its heavy rainfall and relative inaccessibility, its special atmosphere and spectacular natural beauty combine to make this one of England''s favourite holiday areas at all seasons of the year. But at Christmas 1968, still gripped by the fear that foot-and-mouth disease could spread to the hill flocks and sweep like wildfire right up to the Scottish border, it was quieter than ever before in this century. Luckily not a single farm had caught tile infection, the nearest case having been an isolated one at Kendal several weeks before. but every Lakeland farmer knows that one case among the unfenced hill flocks on the fells could lead to complete annihilation of hundreds of thousands of sheep and the virtual end of the district''s principal industry; you cannot replace sheep, acclimatized to their own part of the fell for generations, in the same way that you can replace cattle in a field.
   Nobody could remember a Christmas like it, especially Boxing Dab, which is traditionally one of the big outdoor holidays of the Lakeland year. Normally this is a day spent following the mountain packs of hounds, felt-walking and, if the weather is propitious, skiing and skating, but this time there were none of these things. Visitors were actively discouraged, and those who did come were asked not to go on the fells, footpaths or bridleways or near farmland, while motorists were requested not to drive on minor roads and to shun the smaller valleys. The enterprising hotels which had earlier in the year decided to keep open during the winter were by the end of October having a desperate time. Hundreds of bookings had been cancelled and scores of dinner parties and young farmers'' reunions eliminated. All youth hostels were closed. At least one climbing club, unable to climb, substituted a training programme of films and simulated climbs on the more substantial municipal buildings.
   The weather in the area was dry, crisp, windless and cold, in fact ideal for brisk outdoor activities. But nobody was able to enjoy it. Everything was stopped: hunting, walking, climbing, skiing, motor cycle trials, sporting events of every description. All the seasonal dances, festivals, conferences, shepherds'' meets and a hundred and one other social occasions abandoned. The ice was bearing on some of the lakes but you could not go skating there. Meanwhile the foxes, emboldened by an unprecedented freedom from harassment, were stalking closer to the farms and the flocks of Christmas turkeys, while the hounds sulked miserably in their kennels.
   Farmers are apt to criticize some sections of the outdoor fraternity for their occasional thoughtless behaviour, but the way that walkers, climbers, skiers, fishermen, hunters and the rest went out of their way to help them at this time should never be forgotten. The general public, locals and visitors a like., tried to give the fell farmers a sporting chance, and this remarkable display of public spirit was the one bright note in a very sad time.

11. The word "this" in line 5 refers to_______.
(A) its special atmosphere
(B) the Industrial Revolution
(C) the spectacular natural beauty
(D) the Lake District

12. The district''s principal industry is_______.
(A) fell-walking
(B) snow-skiing
(C) sheep-farming
(D) animal-hunting

13. Because the sheep in the hills are unfenced toot-and-mouth disease might _______.
(A) spread beyond the lakes
(B) annihilate thousands of horses
(C) lead to the virtual end of the tourist industry
(D) destroy the flocks of sheep completely

14. Why were some hotels described as "enterprising"?
(A) Because hundreds of bookings had been cancelled.
(B) Because they decided to keep open during the winter.
(C) Because they still held dinner parties and young farmers reunions.
(D) Because they substituted a training programme of films and simulated climbs.

15. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true during Christmas time in 1968?
(A) The seasonal dances, festivals and other social occasions were abandoned.
(B) The weather in the Lake District was ideal for brisk outdoor activities.
(C) The foxes were stalking closer to the farms and the flocks of turkeys.
(D) The ice was bearing on some of the lakes in the district.

Questions 16-20

Why Men Explode
   Although women get angry just as often as men, rage remains the prototypical male emotion. "My kids still talk about my ''freak-outs,''" says Kim Garretson, 54, a corporate strategist in Minneapolis, who once erupted into volcanic fur5; in a restaurant when served a still-frozen entre2e. "1 didn''t express much of anything, but once in a while, I''d just blow."

Why do so many men lose their tempers? "The rage comes because there''s so much frustration when you cut off something that is you. Yet that''s what men do, because they''re afraid that if you give emotions an inch, they''ll take a mile," says psychologist Kenneth W. Christian, PhD, author of Your Own Worst Enemy. "If you don''t learn how to work with your emotions, you''re a shadow figure, a small incomplete version of yourself. It''s only a matter of time until the house of cards that you are falls apart."
   For Kim Garretson, that day came four years ago when he was diagnosed with prostate cancer. As often happens when illness strikes men, he realized he had nothing to lose, and everything to gain, by letting himself feel. "I''m no longer afraid of expressing almost any emotion," he says. "I get anger out with my quick, sharp tongue and move on. I use humor as an outlet, I''ve reconnected with old friends. I talk about the big questions of life. 1 search for spiritual meaning."
   Guys, Try These
   In his Dirty Harry days, Clint Eastwood never flinched. Now as a husband, father and Oscar-winning director of movies that explore the depths of men''s souls, the tough guy has turned tender--but not talkative. "The men who hide their emotions the most may; in fact be the most sensitive," observes Christian. Yet men can become more emotionally expressive without tears or fears. Here are some ways to start:
   Develop a creative outlet. Hobbies like painting or playing a musical instrument can tap into a man''s soul. Remember that much of the world''s greatest art, music and literature was created by the allegedly emotionally challenged sex.
   Release stress and anger through exercise. "When you get to the breaking point where you just want to put your head through a wall, taking a ten-minute time-out isn''t enough to calm down," says Westover, who in moments of extreme emotion finds a place to drop to the floor and do push-ups.
   Try'' expressing "a little" emotion. "Start with feelings you can control, find a sympathetic ear and use the term ''a little,''" suggests Coleman, Saying you feel "a little" sad or "a little" scared feels safer than a full declaration of vulnerability.
   ?Lean into the discomfort. "Rather than avoiding a feeling that you''re not sure how to handle, move toward it," says psychologist Travis Bradbury, PhD, co-author of The Emotional Intelligence Quick Book. "Learning to handle emotions takes time and practice, because you need to retrain your brain, but it does get easier."
16. Kim Garretson, a 54-year-old corporate strategist, once got very angry when_______.
(A) diagnosed with lung cancer
(B) given a take musical instrument
(C) dragged into a mountainous trip
(D) served cold food in a restaurant

17. "They''ll take a mile." (para. 2), ''they'' refers to_______.
(A) psychologists
(B) cards
(C) emotions
(D) friends

18. If you fail to learn how to work with your emotions,_______.
(A) you will sooner or later break down
(B) you will be an active figure in shadow boxing
(C) you will be afraid of expressing almost any emotion
(D) you will spend more time searching for spiritual meaning

19. Which of the following ways to control emotions is NOT recommended in the passage?
(A) To talk as much as possible.
(B) To lean into the discomfort.
(C) To develop a creative outlet.
(D) To try expressing "a little" emotion.

20. What main idea is discussed in the passage?
(A) How to develop your emotions.
(B) How to check your emotions.
(C) How to handle your emotions.
(D) How to express your emotions.

Questions 21-25

   "You''re off to the World Economic Forum?" asked the Oxford economist, enviously. "How very impressive. They''ve never invited me."
   Three days later, t queued in the snow outside the conference center in Davos, standing behind mink coals and cashmere overcoats, watched over by'' Swiss policemen with machineguns. "Reporting press? You can''t come in here. Side entrance, please." I stood in line again, this time behind Puffa jackets and Newsweek journalists, waiting to collect my orange badge. Once inside. I found that the seminar I wanted to go to was being held ill a half-empty room. ''"You can''t sit here. All seats are reserved for white badges. Coloured badges have to stand."
   An acquaintance invited me to a dinner he was hosting: "There are people I''d like you to meet." The green-badged Forum employee stopped me at the door. "This is a participants'' dinner. Orange badges are not allowed." Then, later, reluctantly: "If you''re coming in. please can you turn your badge around? Diners may be upset if they see you''re a colour."
   "Why does anyone put up with being treated like this?" t asked a Financial Times correspondent. "Because we all live in hope of becoming white badges," he said. "Then we''ll know what''s reall3 going on."
   A leading British businessman was wearing a white badge, but it bore a small logo on the top left-hand corner: GLT. "What''s a GLT?" I asked.
   Ah, he said. "well, it''s a Davos club. I''m a Global Leader for Tomorrow."
   "That sounds very important," I said. "Yes." He said, "t thought so myself until I bumped into the man &o d sponsored me. on the way to my first meeting. I asked him if he was coming: and he said, ''Oh no, dear boy, I don''t bother with that any, longer. I''m not a GLT any, more, I''m an IGWEL.'' What''s an IGWEL?'' I asked him. ‘ A member of tile Informal Group of World Economic Leaders of Today."
   The World Economic Forum has employed a simple psychological truth--that nothing is more desirable than that which excludes us--to brilliant effect. Year after Fear, its participants apply. to return, in the hope that this time they''ll be a little closer to the real elite. Next year, they, too, might be invited to the private receptions for Bill Clinton, Kofi Annan or Bill Gates. instead of having to stand on the conference center''s steps like teenage rock fans.

 It''s the sheer concentration of individuals in possession of power, wealth or knowledge that makes the privately run Forum so desirable to its participants. The thousand chief executives who attend its annual meeting control, between them, more than 70 percent of international trade. Every year, they are joined by a couple of dozen presidents and prime ministers, by senior journalists, a changing selection of leading thinkers, academics and diplomats, and by rising stars of the business world. Access to the meeting is by invitation only, costs several thousand pounds a time for business participants,and is ruthlessly controlled.

2l . "Mink" in line 4 refers to ____
 (A) colored badges
 (B) impressive artificial hide
 (C) expensive thick fur
 (D)jackets designed for GLT

22. V,/e learn from the passage that orange badges represent
 (A) forum employees
 (B) conference correspondents
 (C) senior diplomats
 (D) leading thinkers

23. "Because we all live in hope of becoming white badges." In this sentence ‘ white badges'' refer to_______.
 (A) former presidents
 (B) senior journalists
 (C) leading academics
 (D) chief executives

24. Which of the following does NOT suggest that the forum is ruthlessly controlled''?
 (A) Participants must hold letters of invitation.
 (B) Participants should queue in the snow outside.
 (C) Swiss policemen have to carry. machine-guns.
 (D) Forum employees could check anybody if they wish.

25. According to the article, which of the following statements about badges is true?
 (A) The Forum employee wear green badges.
 (B) The participant wear colored badges.
 (C) The journalists wear white badges.
 (D) The executives wear orange badges.

Questions 26-30
   Nutritional statements that depend on observation or anecdote should be given serious consideration, but consideration should also be given to the physical and psychological quirks of the observer. The significance attached to an experimental conclusion depends, in part, on the scientific credentials of the experimentalist; similarly, the significance of selected observations depends, again in part, on the preconceptions of the observer. Regimes that are proposed by people who do not look as if they enjoyed their food, and who do not themselves have a well-fed air, may not be ideal for normal people. Graham Lusk, who combined expert knowledge with a normal appreciation of good food. describes how he and Chittenden, who advocated a low-protein diet, spent some weeks in Britain eating the rations of the 1914-18 war and then got more ample rations on board ship. Lusk attributed his sense of well-being to the extra meat he was eating; Chittenden attributed it to the sea air.
   When young animals are reared for sale as meat, the desirable amount of protein in their food is a simple matter of economics. Protein is expensive, so the amount given is increased up to the level at which the increased rate of growth is offset by the increased cost of the diet. As already mentioned, the efficiency with which protein is used to build the body diminishes as the percentage of protein in the diet increases. In practice, the best diets seem to contain between 15 and 25 per cent protein. It is not certain that maximum growth rate is desirable in children; some experiments with rats suggest that rapid growth is associated with a shorter ultimate expectation of life. There are practical and ethical obstacles to human experiments of life. There are practical and ethical obstacles to human experiments in which the effect of protein can be measured. Children do not grow as fast as the young animals in which there is a commercial interest, their need for protein is therefore presumably smaller, but there is no evidence that the desirable protein level, after weaning, is less than 15 per cent. An argument against this percentage of protein is that in human milk only 13 per cent of the solid material is protein. That protein is, however, of better quality than any protein likely to be given to infants that are not weaned on cow''s milk. Furthermore, milk, like other products of evolution, is a compromise. Mothers are not expendable. A species would not long survive if mothers depleted their own proteins so much in the course of feeding the first child that the prospects of later children were seriously jeopardized. Human milk is no doubt a good food, but the assumption that it is necessarily ideal is stretching belief in the beneficence and perfection of Nature too far.

26. When considering nutritional statements, apart from statements that depend on observation, we should also consider_______.
(A) the strange low-protein diet
(B) the unusual character of the observer
(C) the unexpected meals provided by the observer
(D) the ample rations of the 1914-18 war

27. "It" in line 12 refers to_______.
(A) the scientific credential
(B) the experimental conclusion
(C) the expert knowledge
(D) the sense of well-being

28. What consideration is borne in mind when giving young animals protein?
(A) The more, the better.
(B) The less, the worse.
(C) The minimum input, the maximum output.
(D) The maximum input, the minimum output.

29. According to the passage, the maximum growth rate many not be desirable in children, for rapid growth is associated with_______.
(A) life expectancy
(B) practical needs
(C) scientific credentials
(D) commercial interest

30. According to the author, which of the following statements is NOT true?
(A) Children do not grow as fast as the young animals.
(B) The best diets seem to contain between 15 and 25 per cent protein.
(C) A species would long survive if mothers were exhausted of their own proteins.
(D) Human milk is definitely a good natural food.

SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST
Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET

   As a scourge of the modern society, obesity has become the world''s biggest public-health issue today--the main cause of heart disease, which kills more people these days than AIDS, malaria, war. Since the World Health Organization labeled obesity an "epidemic" in 2000, reports on its fearful consequences have come thick and Fast.
   Will public-health warnings, combined with media pressure, persuade people to get thinner, just as they finally put them off tobacco? Possibly. In the rich world, sales of healthier foods are booming and new figures suggest that over the past year Americans got very slightly thinner for the first time in recorded history. But even if Americans are losing a few ounces, it will be many years before the country solves the health problems caused by half a century''s dining to excess. And, everywhere else in the world, people are still piling on the pounds. That''s why there is now a consensus among doctors that governments should do something to stop them.

SECTION 4: TRANSLATION TEST

Directions: Translate the following passage into English and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

  上海是一座朝气蓬勃、充满活力、多姿多彩的国际大都市,改革开放以来,上海变化之大令世人瞩目。经济高速发展,社会秩序稳定,人民安居乐业,呈现出一片繁华气象。
  今天,尽管上海还有着不少色彩斑斓的过去可以留恋和回味,但城市日新月异的面貌却使越来越多的世人折服。浦西展示了上海的辉煌岁月,浦东展现了上海的美好前景。上海就像一轮红日,光芒四射,鲜艳夺目。上海的明天充满希望。

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